About Stilian Chilingirov


The notable writer, scientist, educator, and politician Stilian Chilingirov was born on 26/10/1881 in Shumen. He received his primary and secondary education in his home town. He graduated from St.Kliment Ohridski University in Sofia in 1909 with a BA in Pedagogy, and from 1909 to 1911 specialized in history and literature in Berlin and Leipzig. Chilingirov’s works contributed to almost all areas of the Bulgarian language and literature. His works in the fields of history, ethnography, and folklore are more than twenty. He is the author of the novel “Hliab nash nasushtni”, and the novel in verse “Vlado Bulatov” – the first of its kind in world poetry; his book of memoirs “My contemporaries” is of great literary value as well.
He was one of the founders of the writers union of Bulgaria and its president from 1941 to 1944. Among many social responsibilities there were also those of the director of the Ethnographical museum and National library. At the time of his work in the National library (1916 – 1922) he initiated the Bulgarian bibliography, he composed and published bibliographical indexes (“A.P. Chehov in Bulgarian”, Petyofi in Bulgarian” and others. He introduced the terms “bibliographic information” and “bibliographic study” and he established new rules in the library. On his initiative he established and published a catalogue of doctor M. Drinov’s library. Stilian Chilingirov had a contribution not only to the National library but also to the librarian achievement in the country. For many years he was a member of the Supreme librarian council and its president. He is the author of “Bulgarian national libraries before the Liberation”, “Libraries after the Liberation”. The national libraries in Veliko Tarnovo (1921) and Shumen (1922) were turned into depositary ones at his suggestion and active support. Stilian Chilingirov was not only talented and ambitious. He was also a socially active person and humanist, true follower of the leaders of the Bulgarian National Revival. People call him “the last writer of the Bulgarian national revival”. His whole creative, culture-educational and social work was filled with the spirit of the Bulgarian national revival having originated from his hometown Shumen.